What is funded ELC and how much can my child get?
All 3 and 4 year olds, and around a quarter of 2 year olds can get up to 600 hours of Early Learning and Childcare, funded by the Scottish Government. That works out at about 16 hours a week if you use it during school term-time, or around 12 hours a week if you use it year round. And it’s about to get even bigger and better.
ELC is getting bigger and better
From August 2020, the number of funded hours will almost double from 600 to 1140 a year, giving you even more choice on when and where to use it. This increase is for all 3 and 4 year olds, and about a quarter of 2 year olds.
When will that change happen?
This will be available for everyone from August 2020, but the increase is being phased in right now so some families can access it already. Each local authority will be doing it differently, so what’s being offered in this ‘phasing period’ might not be the same as what will be on offer from August 2020.
How do I apply?
Your local authority will have its own application process for getting funded ELC, so it’s always best to check with them how it works where you live.
Do I have to use all the funded hours?
No, the hours are an entitlement, not a requirement, so you can choose to take all or part of the hours available to you.
When can I start claiming?
It all depends on your child's birthday. Usually it’s the first new term after your child turns three years old. Around a quarter of 2 year olds are also entitled, so it’s well worth checking with your local authority to see if this applies to you. Some local authorities have one point in a year when they accept applications – some ask everyone to apply in January, some ask you to apply a year in advance - so find out how far in advance you need to apply. Your child will still be entitled to a place if you miss the deadline, but it could be harder to get your first choice.
If your child's birthday is on or between 1 March – 31 August:
They will be eligible from August (autumn term) that year - your local authority can give you exact dates.
If your child’s birthday is on or between 1 September – 31 December:
They will be eligible from January (spring term) following their birthday.
If your child’s birthday is on 1 January – last day of February:
They will be eligible from March/April (summer term) following their birthday.
One thing to remember is that your local authority might have its own rules on when your child can start, so some children can start earlier. Make sure you check how things might be different in your area.
Can my child continue to receive ELC if we defer their school entry?
If your child hasn’t had their 5th birthday before they are due to start primary school, you can choose to defer your child's entry to primary school by a year.
If your child is deferring entry to school for a year, you can:
- automatically get an extra year of funding if their 5th birthday is between 1 January and the end of February
- apply to your local authority and request an extra year of funding if their 5th birthday is between the beginning of the autumn term, in August, and 31 December - your local authority will decide if your child will get an extra year of funding.
Can I split my entitlement over different settings?
Yes, in some local authority areas it’s possible to split the hours over different settings e.g. use a childminder some days and school nursery for other days. It’s best to check with your local authority as to what they allow. From August 2020 this could get even easier – check in with your local authority.
Entitlement for 2 year olds
How can I find out what 2 year old funded places are available in my area?
Your local council will give you details of all the providers that offer places for 2 year olds or let you know what to do if your choice is not currently a funded provider.
When can my two 2 year old start accessing funded ELC?
2 year olds can start receiving funding early under a few different circumstances. This includes if they’re under the care of the local council, a family member or other person appointed by the court or if their household is already receiving certain benefits. Some councils also offer additional funded places to 2 year olds, so it’s always best to check directly with your local authority to get the most up-to-date information.
If my 2 year old is subject to a kinship care or guardianship order, or is looked after by the local authority, when will they eligible?
From the child’s 2nd birthday or from the point that they are looked after under a kinship care order, or with a parent appointed guardian.
If you have just started receiving a qualifying benefit and your child is already 2, when can they start?
If your child is already 2 when you start receiving an eligible benefit then they can start the term after you start receiving the benefit. Some local authorities have their own rules, so it's always best to check directly with your local authority in case you can start even earlier.
What happens if my circumstances change? Will my 2 year old lose their funded place?
No, your child won’t lose their funded place. Once your child has started funded ELC, they will stay qualified. So even if you get a job, stop getting one of the qualifying benefits or the child’s parent/carer situation changes – your 2 year old will still have access to funded ELC.