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Tongue tie

What is tongue tie?

A tongue-tie is where the fold of skin under the tongue is shorter than usual and may restrict the tongue's movement.

What are the symptoms?

Nothing needs to be done about tongue-tie if there are no feeding issues. Some babies with tongue tie may appear fussy at the breast and feed infrequently and for short periods. They can slip at the breast and be windy and unsettled. You may also have some nipple pain and damage. Some babies who are bottle fed can experience problems too but this is less common.

What's the solution?

If your baby has difficulty feeding, ask your midwife or health visitor to assess one of your feeds. They will be able to offer support and advice, and if they feel the tongue-tie is causing difficulty with feeding, they'll refer you to a specialist tongue tie clinic. There are several hospitals in Scotland that deal with this issue. It's a minor procedure but it is a surgical procedure and there may be a waiting list of several weeks.

Separating your baby's tongue-tie

Dividing your baby's tongue-tie is a simple procedure, usually over in less than a minute, and doesn't usually need a local or general anaesthetic when your baby is below 4 months. It won't be any more dramatic than your baby's vaccinations. There may be a few drops of blood but this isn't normally a problem. They will wrap your baby up with a towel, divide the tongue tie with sterile scissors and bring your baby back to you quickly so that you can feed them straight away. Some mums notice an improvement immediately, for others it'll take a few days.

Some clinics have a specialist Infant Feeding Advisor to assess your baby's attachment after tongue-tie and offer you breastfeeding support. This is not always available at some surgical services or at dental practices which perform the procedure.

If your baby has had difficulty feeding because of a tongue tie it’s really important to get the right support to assess feeding behaviour. Without this, a tongue tie division alone is less likely to be a successful solution.

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Last updated: 6 Jan, 2020