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COVID-19 testing for staff and pupils

As part of the measures designed to keep everyone safe at school, all staff in schools and ELC settings, and secondary pupils who are going into school, are currently being offered at-home self-testing for coronavirus twice a week. 

Not everyone who has coronavirus has symptoms. Regularly testing staff and pupils who aren’t showing symptoms will make it easier to identify cases and stop the virus spreading further. This will make schools safer for pupils, staff and their families. So please encourage your child to test themselves regularly and report the results online, whether they are positive, negative or void. This will help protect your family and others around you and ensure schools can stay open.

On this page you can find out:


Who will be offered testing?

The following people will be offered testing. Testing is voluntary, but participation is encouraged to help keep school communities as safe as possible:

  • all primary, secondary and special school staff in local authority, independent and grant-aided schools. This includes teachers, classroom-based support staff, administrative staff, facilities management staff such as cleaners and janitors and school transport staff. Initially tests will be limited to staff who are going into the school. Staff who are continuing to work from home can register for the testing with their school/local authority but won’t have access to tests until they’re back at work in the school building.
  • all staff in all ELC settings.
  • all S1-S6 pupils attending local authority, independent and grant-aided secondary and special schools.


How does it work?

Schools are provided with packs of Lateral Flow Device (LFD) test kits for staff and S1-S6 pupils. Pupils are given these tests to take home. You can also pick up kits from pharmacies and test centres – this site finder shows where LFD test kits can be collected from.

Pupils then need to test themselves twice a week, 3 or 4 days apart. They can test whenever is most convenient for them. Ideally, this should be later in the evening or early in the morning, so that the test is done as close as possible to the time when they come into school.

It's then important that they register their results online within 24 hours, whether positive, negative or void/invalid. Alternatively, they can report the results by calling the 119 Freephone service. You can now create 'household accounts' on the reporting portal. This allows you to use one login to report all of your family’s results, with important information saved so you don’t have to re-enter it. This means it now only takes a few minutes to report results.

Reporting positive results supports contact tracing, and helps you and your family get the advice and support you need. 

Reporting negative and void test results helps public health experts understand the full picture of COVID in our community, and to plan how best to protect communities and keep schools safe and open, reducing the risk of future lockdowns.

Please select your school’s name on the relevant page as you go through the online reporting process. Schools are able to receive monthly figures that show uptake and reporting, so this can help them judge to what extent the testing programme is offering them effective protection against COVID-19.

What is Lateral Flow Device (LFD) testing?

Lateral Flow Device testing is different from the test you need to get if you have coronavirus symptoms (which is called a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test). Using the LFD kit, your child swabs their tonsils and then follows a simple process to get their test result – a bit like a pregnancy test. The swabs don’t need to be processed in a laboratory, and the results will appear within half an hour.

These LFDs are gradually being replaced by new LFD kits called Acon Flowflex which only require young people to swab their nostrils, and show the results in 15 minutes. This was in response to feedback from young people who said they would prefer an option that did not require a throat swab.

The kits will have clear instructions on what to do, but you may need to help your child the first couple of times. This page has information regarding both types of LFD test, including instructions for use in multiple languages.

This helpful video (with BSL and subtitles) shows you how to do a LFD test while Young Scot also have a video for young people on how to do this type of test.

This video shows you how to do the nose-only LFD test (Acon Flowflex), and includes guidance on how to assist a young person with doing the test.

What if my child has coronavirus symptoms?

If your child (or anyone else in your household) has coronavirus symptoms, you must all immediately self-isolate and book a test as usual, even if the LFD test result is negative. You can find out more about symptoms and the COVID-19 test here and book a test here

What if my child has been notified as a low risk contact?

If your child’s been notified of a low risk contact outside home, for example, if there’s been a case in their class, it’s particularly important that they take an LFD test. This should be done before returning to school, and twice a week after that, for at least two weeks after the contact. Low risk does not mean no risk. 

What if someone in our household has coronavirus?

If you’ve had a coronavirus case in your home, even after everyone else has had a negative PCR test, it’s still important that your whole household (with the exception of the person who tested positive) take LFDs twice a week. Infection may arise later and the risk is highest during the two weeks after symptoms start or the first positive test in the household.

Our page on staying safe during coronavirus has more information on what to do if someone in your household tests positive or you come into close contact with someone who tests positive

In addition, please follow the general advice about regular testing outside of school, including when mixing socially.

My child has additional support needs – do they still need to test themselves?

If your child has additional support needs, talk to the school about whether they’re able to carry out self-testing themselves or need some help, or whether they need to do the testing at all. The school will help you work out what’s best for your child.

Are the tests safe and accurate?

No test is perfect, but LFD tests have been widely and successfully used to detect coronavirus in people who don’t have any symptoms and wouldn’t otherwise be tested. They are clinically approved and crucial in the fight against the virus. 

LFD tests are very accurate, which means that only a very small proportion of people who do not have coronavirus will receive a positive result (a false positive). The tests are better at picking up true positive cases when a person has a higher viral load and is more contagious. There is a risk of returning a false negative result when viral loads are low (for example, in the early stages of infection). This is why staff and pupils are being asked to test themselves regularly.

It's important that any faulty test kits are reported, to help us ensure the testing programme remains safe and effective. Individual users can do so by calling 119 or by using the MHRA Yellow Card reporting system if there have been adverse incidents as a result of problems with test kits. Schools and local authorities can do so by calling the NSS Helpline on 0800 028 2816 or emailing

Will this cost me anything?

No, the kits are supplied free of charge.

Does my child have to take part?

No, it’s entirely voluntary, but it’s in everyone’s best interests for as many staff and pupils as possible to take part, in order to keep everyone in the school and their families safe. However, if your child doesn’t take part, the school can’t prevent them from coming into the building, or exclude them.

Can other family members get LFD tests too?

If anyone in the household has coronavirus symptoms, they should book a PCR test and everyone should self-isolate.

However, in order to keep everyone around you safe, it’s a good idea for everyone in the family to test twice a week at home, just in case anyone has the virus without realising it. You can collect LFD test kits from most drive-through and walk-through testing sites and in local pharmacies. The site finder shows where LFD test kits can be collected from. If you can’t pick up a test you can order a kit online for postal delivery.


What if the test is positive?

If the test is positive, you or your child must report the result online at (or by calling Freephone 119), self-isolate and book a PCR test to confirm the results. You can book a test here. The quickest way to be tested is to go to a community or drive through test site, but if this isn’t possible you can order a home test kit.

If the LDF test is positive, your whole household must start self-isolating straightaway and book a test. Don’t wait until the result of the PCR test to start isolating. You can find out more about self-isolating and what it involves on the NHS Inform website

You should also let the school know that your child has tested positive. Test and Protect and/or the school will then contact staff members and pupils who were in close contact with your child to inform them that they need to self-isolate.

What happens if the test result is ‘void’?

This means the test has not run correctly. If this happens, you or your child should report the result online at Alternatively, you can report by telephone by calling the 119 Freephone service.

They’ll then need to take another test. They should use a new test kit, and not reuse anything from the first kit.

Reporting not only supports contact tracing in the event of a positive case, but assists our collective understanding of rates of infection in communities and schools or early learning and childcare settings across the country. If we only record positive results, the levels of COVID-19 cases in schools or communities may look worse than they really are.

Does testing mean staff and pupils can ignore other safety measures?

No. Just because your child has a negative LFD result this doesn’t mean they can ignore rules around physical distancing, handwashing or other measures intended to reduce transmission. It’s still very important to stick to these rules.

If my child has a positive PCR result then a negative LFD result, can they end their self-isolation early?

No. If they get a positive result from a PCR test they must isolate for the full 10 days, even if during that time they get a negative result from an LFD test.

What if my child’s tested positive in the past?

If your child has had a positive PCR test within the last 90 days they shouldn’t take part in the regular LFD testing. They must complete their period of self-isolation before returning to school.


What do we do with the kits when they’ve been used?

Once their test is complete, your child should put all the used contents in the small waste bag provided. They should seal the bag and put the bag in the bin at home – it’s classified as general household waste.

What if there’s a problem with the test?

If there’s anything missing or difficult to use in the kits, call 119 to report it.

If there’s a clinical incident (for example, if a swab breaks in your child’s mouth, or there’s any bleeding or they have an allergic reaction) you should report this at the MHRA website.

If they need medical care, call your GP, NHS 24 on 111 or 999 if it’s an emergency.

Are the swabs latex free?

Yes, the swabs are latex free.

Do the LFD tests contain animal products or have they been tested on animals?

None of the products in the kits have been tested on animals, nor are animals harmed in the development process. However, the antibodies used for the test reaction are derived using an animal cell in the laboratory. The T line for a positive test comes from the reaction between the sample as it flows to the membrane (thin paper like material inside the device) which is coated with these antibodies. It’s therefore highly unlikely for there to be any direct contact between the person being tested and the animal material itself.

Is the LFD test safe for those that are pregnant?

Yes, the tests are safe to use by those who are pregnant.

Is ethylene oxide used in the sterilisation of LFD tests and is this safe?

The Innova lateral flow tests have been rigorously tested and certified safe to use on a regular basis both in the EU and UK. LFD tests are approved for use by the MHRA, the UK's regulator of medicines and medical devices, responsible for ensuring their safety, quality and effectiveness.
Ethylene oxide is used in the sterilisation of swabs only.
Ethylene oxide is one of the most commonly used sterilisation methods in the healthcare industry – it is an important sterilisation method that manufacturers widely use to keep medical devices safe.
The types of devices that are sterilized with ethylene oxide range from devices used in general health care practices (for example, wound dressings) to more specialised devices that are used inside the body. 
Any traces of ethylene oxide remaining in the lateral flow device or packaging after sterilisation are below limits that would be considered hazardous for health and comply with international standards.

Last updated: 2 Dec, 2021